Academic Writing Tips, Dissertation and Thesis Guidance

Chicago Referencing Style: A Comprehensive Guide

Chicago Referencing Style ProScholars UK

The Chicago referencing style is versatile and adaptable, widely used across various academic disciplines. With its two distinct citation systems, it accommodates different types of scholarly works efficiently. This article aims to provide a detailed exploration of the Chicago style, facilitating a robust understanding for scholars engaged in academic writing.

Understanding Chicago Style

Two Citation Systems

  1. Notes and Bibliography: Often used in humanities, this system uses footnotes or endnotes along with a bibliography.
  2. Author-Date: Common in the sciences and social sciences, this system incorporates in-text citations and a reference list.

Notes and Bibliography System

  • Footnotes/Endnotes: Used for citing sources, offering additional information, or giving credit for quotes or paraphrases.
  • Bibliography: An alphabetically arranged list of all sources cited, providing full publication details.

Author-Date System

  • In-Text Citations: Include the author’s last name, publication year, and page numbers if necessary.
  • Reference List: Offers detailed information on each source cited in-text.

Using Chicago Style in MS Word

For Windows Users

  1. Open MS Word: Start with a new document.
  2. Go to References Tab: In the ‘Citations & Bibliography’ group, select the appropriate style.
  3. Insert Citations: Add your sources and insert citations where necessary.

For macOS Users

  1. Launch Word: Open a new document.
  2. Access References Tab: Find and select the Chicago style in the ‘Citations & Bibliography’ group.
  3. Incorporate Citations: Insert your sources and citations as needed.

Significance of Chicago Style

  • Versatility: Its two systems cater to a wide array of academic disciplines, making it highly versatile.
  • Detailed Referencing: Chicago style allows for comprehensive and detailed source citation, enhancing the credibility of the scholar’s work.


Mastering the Chicago referencing style is crucial for presenting scholarly work that is credible, coherent, and respectful of previous contributions in the field. With its two citation systems, it offers flexibility and depth in citation, ensuring scholars can adapt their referencing to the nature of their academic work.

For scholars requiring more tailored support, consider engaging professional academic writing services, providing you with expert guidance and assistance in mastering the Chicago style and other referencing systems for your academic endeavours.